Calligraphy Qalam: An Introduction to Arabic, Persian and Ottoman Calligraphy uses interactive tools to interest new audiences in the traditional art forms of Arabic, Ottoman and Persian calligraphy.

This type of knife was used in Ottoman Turkey to carve the reed pen used for writing calligraphy.

Turkey. 18th-19th century. 20.2 x 1.2 x 0.8 cm. Courtesy of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution.

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