Calligraphy Qalam: An Introduction to Arabic, Persian and Ottoman Calligraphy uses interactive tools to interest new audiences in the traditional art forms of Arabic, Ottoman and Persian calligraphy.

Calligraphy gallery | Calligraphy tools | Pen cutting surface (makta)

This tool, called a makta, was used as a cutting board when trimming the tip of a reed pen.

Turkey. 18th-19th century. 0.4 x 14.3 x 1.8 cm. Courtesy of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution.

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