Calligraphy Qalam: An Introduction to Arabic, Persian and Ottoman Calligraphy

CalligraphyQalam.com uses interactive tools to interest new audiences in the traditional art forms of Arabic, Ottoman and Persian calligraphy.

This fragmentary calligraphic panel includes a verse from the Koran and praises to God executed in thuluth, Persian naskh, and tawqi' scripts. The blue and white marble paper is typical of calligraphic panels produced in 18th century Iran and Turkey. Marbled paper (ebru in Turkish, or kaghaz-i abri in Persian) appears to date as far back as the 16th century, although its use in calligraphic panels truly blooms during the 18th and 19th centuries.

Calligrapher: Abu Muhammad Khan al-Ma'rashi. Iran. 18th century. 20 (w) x 11.5 (h) cm. Thuluth, Persian naskh, and tawqi' scripts. Courtesy of the Library of Congress, African and Middle Eastern Division.

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