Calligraphy Qalam: An Introduction to Arabic, Persian and Ottoman Calligraphy uses interactive tools to interest new audiences in the traditional art forms of Arabic, Ottoman and Persian calligraphy.

The verso of this folio completes the first four folios of Nizami's "Iqbalnamah" (The Book of Progress), the second of two sections in the author's last book (kitab) of his "Khamsah" (Quintet).

The illumination, white ink chapter headings, text layout, and nasta'liq script are typical of manuscripts made in the city of Shiraz during the second half of the sixteenth-century. Many Safavid Persian manuscripts at this time were produced for the domestic market and international export, rather than by royal commission.

Calligrapher: unknown. Iran. 1550-1600 A.D. 12.1 (w) x 21 (h) cm. Nasta'liq script. Courtesy of the Library of Congress, African and Middle Eastern Division.

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