Calligraphy Qalam: An Introduction to Arabic, Persian and Ottoman Calligraphy uses interactive tools to interest new audiences in the traditional art forms of Arabic, Ottoman and Persian calligraphy.

This calligraphic fragment includes a central panel with an eulogistic composition (insha') to a king written in the ta'liq script. Except for one line written in black ink, all other horizontal and diagonal lines are written in white and outlined in black ink. Above the text panel appears a bayt (verse) divided into two columns about the power of miracles (mu'jizat) composed by the great Persian poet Nizami (d. 614/1218). The bayt is written in black nasta'liq script on beige paper.

Calligrapher: Kamal al-Din (Ikhtiyar al-Munshi). Iran. 1500-1550 A.D. 14 x 24.5 cm. Nasta'liq and Ta'liq scripts. Courtesy of the Library of Congress, African and Middle Eastern Division.

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