Calligraphy Qalam: An Introduction to Arabic, Persian and Ottoman Calligraphy uses interactive tools to interest new audiences in the traditional art forms of Arabic, Ottoman and Persian calligraphy.

As one of the most sophisticated cultural and artistic centers of the medieval Islamic world, southern Spain (Andalusia) and northern Africa developed their own distinct script, known as maghribi.

Spain or northern Africa. 15th-16th century. 25.8 x 18.6 cm. Maghribi script. Courtesy of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution.

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