Calligraphy Qalam: An Introduction to Arabic, Persian and Ottoman Calligraphy

CalligraphyQalam.com uses interactive tools to interest new audiences in the traditional art forms of Arabic, Ottoman and Persian calligraphy.

This royal decree, or ferman, features 24 lines of divani script written in sefine ("boat") form, in black ink powdered with gold. It bears the seal, or tugra, of sultan Suleyman the Magnificent.

Turkey. 1521 A.D. 113.2 x 29.5 cm. Divani script. Courtesy of the Nasser D Khalili Collection of Islamic Art.

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