Calligraphy Qalam: An Introduction to Arabic, Persian and Ottoman Calligraphy uses interactive tools to interest new audiences in the traditional art forms of Arabic, Ottoman and Persian calligraphy.

These roundels were designed as models for architectural inscriptions to decorate the sides of a dome; they bear the names of God, Muhammad, Abu Bakr, 'Umar, 'Uthman and 'Ali, all with the customary pious invocations.

Turkey. 19th century. Diameter: 25.5 cm. Thuluth script. Courtesy of the Nasser D Khalili Collection of Islamic Art.

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