Calligraphy Qalam: An Introduction to Arabic, Persian and Ottoman Calligraphy uses interactive tools to interest new audiences in the traditional art forms of Arabic, Ottoman and Persian calligraphy.

This fragment contains on the top line the last two verses of the last chapter of the Koran, entitled Surah al-Nas (chapter of Mankind). Immediately below the last verse of the Koran appears a prayer in five lines praising God, the Prophet Muhammad, and all Prophets of Islam. The prayer is beautifully written in large Ottoman naskh in alternating gold and blue ink.

Calligrapher: unknown. 1550-1600 A.D. 9.5 x 19 cm. Ottoman naskh and muhaqqaq script. Courtesy of the Library of Congress, African and Middle Eastern Division.

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