Calligraphy Qalam: An Introduction to Arabic, Persian and Ottoman Calligraphy

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This fragment contains on the top line the last two verses of the last chapter of the Koran, entitled Surah al-Nas (chapter of Mankind). Immediately below the last verse of the Koran appears a prayer in five lines praising God, the Prophet Muhammad, and all Prophets of Islam. The prayer is beautifully written in large Ottoman naskh in alternating gold and blue ink.

Calligrapher: unknown. 1550-1600 A.D. 9.5 x 19 cm. Ottoman naskh and muhaqqaq script. Courtesy of the Library of Congress, African and Middle Eastern Division.

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