Calligraphy Qalam: An Introduction to Arabic, Persian and Ottoman Calligraphy

CalligraphyQalam.com uses interactive tools to interest new audiences in the traditional art forms of Arabic, Ottoman and Persian calligraphy.

This calligraphic sheet states that "whoever writes the bismillah ("in the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful") in a beautiful writing enters Paradise without judgment." This saying is quite popular in Ottoman calligraphic panels, as "good handwriting" (husn-i khatt) was considered an outward manifestation of the religious and moral values cultivated by calligraphers.

Calligrapher: Muzaffar 'Ali (?). 18th-19th centuries. 23.8 x 16.6 cm. Nasta'liq script. Courtesy of the Library of Congress, African and Middle Eastern Division.

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