Calligraphy Qalam: An Introduction to Arabic, Persian and Ottoman Calligraphy

CalligraphyQalam.com uses interactive tools to interest new audiences in the traditional art forms of Arabic, Ottoman and Persian calligraphy.

This Koranic fragment includes the bismillah and verses 1-14 of surah 81, entitled al-Takwir (the Folding up). The calligraphy is executed in rayhani script. This writing style is most closely associated with the master calligrapher Yaqut al-Musta'simi and Korans produced in Iran during the 13th and 14th centuries.

Calligrapher: unknown. 14th century. 15.5 x 8.8 cm. Rayhani script. Courtesy of the Library of Congress, African and Middle Eastern Division.

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